Causas y Sintomas de la Artritis en la rodilla


Arthritis, an autoimmune disease, adversely affects the health of the joints (as we can see in our previous article). There are several causes of arthritis of the knees, among which we have: body wear due to age, overweight, common knee injuries (broken meniscus, damaged ligament and bone fractures), trauma to the knee joint, disease, an infection, and certain genetic factors can lead to arthritis of the knee.

A metabolic disorder can also affect the function of the knee joint. People over 50 years of age are more likely to suffer from this degenerative joint disease. With dysfunction of the joint knee, the person may have difficulty carrying out daily activities.


Fever, fatigue, swollen knee, pain with activities, loss of appetite, loss of energy and weight loss are some of the common symptoms of knee arthritis. Symptoms may vary from person to person but one or a combination of them are always present:

  • Pain: The person may experience constant pain in the affected knee. Negligence and lack of proper treatment can worsen joint pain.
    Burning sensation: The person may experience a burning sensation in the surrounding area of the affected joint. Repeated use of the joint can make the situation worse. The pain may get worse in the later part of the day.
  • Crunching sensation: Once the cartilage wears away, a crushing or crunching sensation is detected in the knee joint. It is associated with a bone grinding against another bone. During the movements you can hear clicking sound or cracks.
  • Limited movement: The degeneration of the joint seriously affects the function of the joint. This results in a restricted movement of the joint and pain. Difficulty in bending and strengthening the leg can be noticed.
  • Difficulty using stairs: Difficulty climbing stairs or difficulty lowering is one of the common symptoms of knee arthritis.
    Knee deformity: The wear of the protective cartilage can expose the bone within the joint. Knock knees or bow legs are often noticed in the elderly, since the disease negatively affects the structure of the joint.
  • Knee stiffness: Stiffness in the knee joint when waking up in the morning is an early symptom of arthritis. During the day, there may be a certain amount of improvement; But the rigid joint usually results in restricted movement and pain.
  • Inflammation: Redness, swelling, and tenderness may be felt around the affected joint in any patient with arthritis. The swollen knee is swollen to the touch.
  • Hard lumps: Hard bumps may appear around the knee.

Home remedies such as heat and cold therapy, hot baths or spas, massages with essential oils, and certain medicinal herbs work very well for arthritis. Knee replacement surgery has become common, but it should be the last option to treat arthritis. In case of mild pain and stiffness, regular exercise can help reduce symptoms. Changing the pattern and type of exercise routine and wearing a light weight corset on the knee during exercise can relief pain. Knee exercises are considered part of the treatment of arthritis. Aerobic exercises, especially aquatic aerobics are used to treat arthritis. Overweight patients need to lose weight. Weight loss helps lower the pressure on the knees. Patients should consult doctor to know what foods to avoid and what to include in their regular diet. A diet specially designed for arthritis helps control the disease. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs help relief pain and swelling.

People usually tend to ignore knee pain or difficulty in moving the knee. Early diagnosis and timely treatment help prevent the worsening of the situation. If you are experiencing stiffness and pain in a knee, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible. Following the doctor’s instructions can help slow the progression of the disease. Simple changes in diet and lifestyle, rapid medication, use of supplements and regular exercise help control arthritis of the knee.